Sensitivity Enhancement and Heteronuclear Distance Measurements in Biological 17O solid-state NMR,

A. Brinkmann*, and A. P. M. Kentgens,
J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 16089-16101, (2006).
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In this contribution we present a comprehensive approach to study hydrogen bonding in biological and biomimetic systems through 17O and 17O–1H solid-​state NMR combined with density functional theory calculations of 17O and 1H NMR parameters.

We explore the signal enhancement of 17O nuclei in L-tyrosine using repetitive double-​frequency swept radio frequency pulses in solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance. The technique is compatible with high magnetic fields and fast magic-​angle spinning of the sample. A maximum enhancement by a factor of 4.3 is obtained in the signal to noise ratio of the selectively excited 17O central transition in a powdered sample of 17Oη-L-tyrosine·HCl at an external field of 14.1 T and a spinning frequency of 25 kHz. As little as 128 transients lead to meaningful 17O spectra of the same sample at an external field of 18.8 T and a spinning frequency of 50 kHz.

Furthermore we employed supercycled symmetry-​based pulse sequences on the protons to achieve heteronuclear longitudinal two-​spin-​order (IzSz) recoupling to determine 17O–1H distances. These sequences recouple the heteronuclear dipolar 17O–1H couplings, where dipolar truncation is absent, while decoupling the homonuclear proton dipolar interactions. They can be applied at fast magic-​angle-​spinning frequencies up and beyond 50 kHz and are very robust with respect to 17O quadrupolar couplings and both 17O and 1H chemical shift anisotropies, which makes them suitable for the use at high external magnetic fields. The method is demonstrated by determining the 17Oη1H distance in L-tyrosine·HCl at a spinning frequency of 50 kHz and an external field of 18.8 T.